Ratsiaria

Ratsiaria

Ratsiaria (Latin Colonia Ulpia Ratiaria) is a historic city (capital of Dacia Pridunavski) Danube River that existed during the Roman Empire. Ratsiaria was a thriving city. Located 27 km southeast of Vidin, 28 km west of Lom, 2 km west of the present village Archar, District Vidin, in Fort.
At the time of its existence there lived a Roman patricians (aristocrats) and Stanwell Roman legions in the winter, gathering strength for the next battle, and near Bononia (today’s Vidin) was only based on small military unit.
Roman walled town “Ratsiaria” Archar common. Municipality. Ratsiaria (Latin Colonia Ulpia Ratiaria) was a major city of the Danube limes. Located 27 kilometers. southeast of Vidin, 28 km. west of Lom, about a kilometer east-northeast of the present village Archar, District Vidin, in Fort. It was founded during the Roman Empire. At that time there lived a Roman patricians (aristocrats) and nearby Bononia (today’s Vidin) was only based on small military unit.
Colonia Ulpia Trairana Ratiaria is first mentioned in an inscription of 125 AD the , The earliest well-dated written statement, which mentions his name.
When there is a life in this place do not know for sure. Separate findings from latenskata era indicate that the area was inhabited before the Roman conquest. During drilling excavations conducted so far in Ratsiaria, however there was no evidence of pre-Roman settlement. It is known that this village was situated in the area of Moesia, one of the most important tribes in Northern Bulgaria, lived here before Christ. An important turning point in the history of Ratsiaria the years of Vespasian (69-79). You often find silver, even gold coins from that time. The rise of the city during this period is also associated with major concerns of Vespasian in fortification of Lower Danube limes and organizing the Danube flotilla. An interesting fact is that only the names of two of the settlements on the Lower Danube limes lead prozihoda from concepts of river work: Ratiaria and Sexaginta Prista (naval station “Port of sixty ships”). Name Ratiaria displayed or ratis “raft” or ratiaria “type of ship.” The very name of the village determines its original meaning as a convenient place for shipping on the Danube and river crossing. There is evidence that around the end of 1c. AD in Ratsiaria accommodated for a while Flavian legion and auxiliary troops. To the period 2c. AD concern and a significant number of inscriptions, which can make some observations on the character of people: civilians by military and non-military origin, Italians and Peregrine. Particularly important are the Italic settlers from civilian origin and members of the municipal aristocracy of eastern origin. Many opportunities there were for the development of agriculture. Inscription discovered the rare deity Pales brought by settlers Italic reveals active agricultural deynost.Otkrivanite epitaphs around the various locations throughout the Ratsiaria inscriptions belonging to members of the urban aristocracy, recorded in essence the existence of different land estates. These were important centers of agricultural production, possession of members of the urban aristocracy. Some of them were veterans. Some part were processed and slave. Ratsiaria developed as a great center of handicraft production. The city and its environs come hundreds of objects (goldsmith, bronze casting, etc.).. Gold and silver jewelry coming from Ratsiaria show number shodtsva techniques and ways of decorating with similar items found in other parts of northern Bulgaria. From Ratsiaria come pretty objects made of glass, bone, not a few gems and cameos, but whether they are imported or made outside of the place, it would be difficult to argue the current state of research on these materials. The significant level of agricultural and artisanal production in Ratsiaria and neynaa territory and favorable location and crossroads which justified its importance as a commercial center. Passed through the city road along the Danube: from Singidunum along the Danube to the delta of the river, and thence along the Black Sea coast all the way to Byzantium. In Ratsiyaariya walked natural ways of Trajan Dacia Italy not only travel, but it also shipping. Here has been transported and salt Sedmigrad. Social relations in Ratsiaria not make any exceptions to the social development of other cities in the Roman provinces (in II-IIIc.). There is evidence of no small number of slaves employed in agriculture. The city has been ruled by the urban aristocracy. In II-IIIc. Ratsiaria stands not only as the most important center in the eastern areas of Upper Moesia, but across North Bulgaria. Evidence for the development of the city are found in excavated architectural fragments skalpturi, gravestones and inscriptions sarkofazi. Prominent among sculptures in Ratsiaria occupies a marble statue tribute Hercules (Heracles) with a height of 0, 41 m. Sculptural monuments Ratsiaria are very fine, with a high artistic qualities and reveal well developed and advanced school. Plus a significant number of preserved works, which is not attested anywhere else in Northern Bulgaria realize how large was the Relevance of Ratsiaria as an artistic center. From the late ancient buildings partially excavated two deserve special attention: one was found in farm implements, clay lamps, household items, coins from the mid-6c., And the other is part of a monumental building with a mosaic floor and is likely to be Christian basilica. Ratsiaria water came from the big spring in m Zhidovets 6-7 km to the southwest. Traces of water mains are found all along the road between this area and the village. Classifying the famous on the history and material culture of the Roman town Ulpia Ratsiaria shows his great Relevance as the richest city center not only in the countryside but also in the whole of the Lower Danube basin. Bone remains were found 18 species of wild and domestic animals subject to hunting or farming. The most numerous are those of domestic animals – cattle, sheep, goat, chicken and pig. According paleoornitologa Prof.Zlatozara Boev interest are the findings of an extinct wild pheasant (Phasianus colchicus colchicus), and those of extremely rare today Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus).


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