Crown Cave

Crown Cave

Crown Cave is located 6 km from Belogradchik near Oreshets. Its opening it 40 years after its opening. A is found by chance after an explosion in a nearby quarry stone for the production of lime. After the outbreak of another bomb wrecks failed appearing and opening. Curious Bombers peeked and was amazed by the emerging fabulous beauty. From the arches descended colored pillars and the floor was full of wonderful crystals. News of the discovery touched and local government. They were called speleologists from Belogradchik, which in 1958 toured the area and descended into numerous caves. A team led by the chairman of Cavern Club “White Bat” Alexander Leonidov immediately arrived on the spot. The cave is unique, just two hours after they declared.
In this cave there is anything that can be seen in our caves, hard and now Leonidov. At one point collected stalactites, stalagmites, crystal povletsi walls, dendrites, draperies, drums, blue ponds. The underground beauty is more majestic rocks, but not as available as they explained Caveman.
The year of the opening of the Venice 1970. A year later, the then Committee for Environmental Protection declared it a landmark. But by the time this underground beauty will be displayed and tourists would take 43 years. In order to protect mineral resources, had to be cemented entrance. Treasure however, found other inputs that were inundated with rock.
The gum has five rooms with a total length of 200 meters. Its displacement is only 26 meters. Dry is easily accessible. May be considered for an hour and a half of people without any preparation cave and clothing. This, in which visitors will rapture are calcite formations in the shape of flowers, animals, colonnades. The limited access of oxygen inside has created a climate in which water is crystallized with the colors of the rocks and the clay around. And they are colorful. If entities in Magura are snow-white, then in Venice are colorful. The floor was strewn with crystals, which in places have already been destroyed.
Raikova cave

Raikova cave

Raikova cave is a cave in eastern Serbia. The cave is located at the source of the river. Mali Peck 2km. from the town of Majdanpek in eastern Serbia. This is a river cave, through which runs the full length Raikova river. The total length of the cave is 2304 meters, but the tourist trail is 1 410.5 m. Cavern consists of two physically separate cavities: channel underwater river and spring cave. Both have two floor. Raikova cave is a cave ornaments of the highest quality.

Complex Lepenski Vir

Complex Lepenski Vir

The complex Lepenski Vir is a unique treasure carrying the memory of a prehistoric culture. Here are found villages and religious buildings to people who inhabited raiona between seventh and sixth millennium BC. The complex is unique in Central and Eastern Europe and gives the archaeological science valuable information about the so-called culture of Lepenski Vir. Different stages of development of this culture we can clearly discern. For this we only need to look at the sculptures found.
Ratsiaria

Ratsiaria

Ratsiaria (Latin Colonia Ulpia Ratiaria) is a historic city (capital of Dacia Pridunavski) Danube River that existed during the Roman Empire. Ratsiaria was a thriving city. Located 27 km southeast of Vidin, 28 km west of Lom, 2 km west of the present village Archar, District Vidin, in Fort.
At the time of its existence there lived a Roman patricians (aristocrats) and Stanwell Roman legions in the winter, gathering strength for the next battle, and near Bononia (today’s Vidin) was only based on small military unit.
Roman walled town “Ratsiaria” Archar common. Municipality. Ratsiaria (Latin Colonia Ulpia Ratiaria) was a major city of the Danube limes. Located 27 kilometers. southeast of Vidin, 28 km. west of Lom, about a kilometer east-northeast of the present village Archar, District Vidin, in Fort. It was founded during the Roman Empire. At that time there lived a Roman patricians (aristocrats) and nearby Bononia (today’s Vidin) was only based on small military unit.
Colonia Ulpia Trairana Ratiaria is first mentioned in an inscription of 125 AD the , The earliest well-dated written statement, which mentions his name.
When there is a life in this place do not know for sure. Separate findings from latenskata era indicate that the area was inhabited before the Roman conquest. During drilling excavations conducted so far in Ratsiaria, however there was no evidence of pre-Roman settlement. It is known that this village was situated in the area of Moesia, one of the most important tribes in Northern Bulgaria, lived here before Christ. An important turning point in the history of Ratsiaria the years of Vespasian (69-79). You often find silver, even gold coins from that time. The rise of the city during this period is also associated with major concerns of Vespasian in fortification of Lower Danube limes and organizing the Danube flotilla. An interesting fact is that only the names of two of the settlements on the Lower Danube limes lead prozihoda from concepts of river work: Ratiaria and Sexaginta Prista (naval station “Port of sixty ships”). Name Ratiaria displayed or ratis “raft” or ratiaria “type of ship.” The very name of the village determines its original meaning as a convenient place for shipping on the Danube and river crossing. There is evidence that around the end of 1c. AD in Ratsiaria accommodated for a while Flavian legion and auxiliary troops. To the period 2c. AD concern and a significant number of inscriptions, which can make some observations on the character of people: civilians by military and non-military origin, Italians and Peregrine. Particularly important are the Italic settlers from civilian origin and members of the municipal aristocracy of eastern origin. Many opportunities there were for the development of agriculture. Inscription discovered the rare deity Pales brought by settlers Italic reveals active agricultural deynost.Otkrivanite epitaphs around the various locations throughout the Ratsiaria inscriptions belonging to members of the urban aristocracy, recorded in essence the existence of different land estates. These were important centers of agricultural production, possession of members of the urban aristocracy. Some of them were veterans. Some part were processed and slave. Ratsiaria developed as a great center of handicraft production. The city and its environs come hundreds of objects (goldsmith, bronze casting, etc.).. Gold and silver jewelry coming from Ratsiaria show number shodtsva techniques and ways of decorating with similar items found in other parts of northern Bulgaria. From Ratsiaria come pretty objects made of glass, bone, not a few gems and cameos, but whether they are imported or made outside of the place, it would be difficult to argue the current state of research on these materials. The significant level of agricultural and artisanal production in Ratsiaria and neynaa territory and favorable location and crossroads which justified its importance as a commercial center. Passed through the city road along the Danube: from Singidunum along the Danube to the delta of the river, and thence along the Black Sea coast all the way to Byzantium. In Ratsiyaariya walked natural ways of Trajan Dacia Italy not only travel, but it also shipping. Here has been transported and salt Sedmigrad. Social relations in Ratsiaria not make any exceptions to the social development of other cities in the Roman provinces (in II-IIIc.). There is evidence of no small number of slaves employed in agriculture. The city has been ruled by the urban aristocracy. In II-IIIc. Ratsiaria stands not only as the most important center in the eastern areas of Upper Moesia, but across North Bulgaria. Evidence for the development of the city are found in excavated architectural fragments skalpturi, gravestones and inscriptions sarkofazi. Prominent among sculptures in Ratsiaria occupies a marble statue tribute Hercules (Heracles) with a height of 0, 41 m. Sculptural monuments Ratsiaria are very fine, with a high artistic qualities and reveal well developed and advanced school. Plus a significant number of preserved works, which is not attested anywhere else in Northern Bulgaria realize how large was the Relevance of Ratsiaria as an artistic center. From the late ancient buildings partially excavated two deserve special attention: one was found in farm implements, clay lamps, household items, coins from the mid-6c., And the other is part of a monumental building with a mosaic floor and is likely to be Christian basilica. Ratsiaria water came from the big spring in m Zhidovets 6-7 km to the southwest. Traces of water mains are found all along the road between this area and the village. Classifying the famous on the history and material culture of the Roman town Ulpia Ratsiaria shows his great Relevance as the richest city center not only in the countryside but also in the whole of the Lower Danube basin. Bone remains were found 18 species of wild and domestic animals subject to hunting or farming. The most numerous are those of domestic animals – cattle, sheep, goat, chicken and pig. According paleoornitologa Prof.Zlatozara Boev interest are the findings of an extinct wild pheasant (Phasianus colchicus colchicus), and those of extremely rare today Griffon Vulture (Gyps fulvus).

Kombustika

Kombustika

Kombustika is one of the many Roman sites in northwestern Bulgaria that have not yet been studied. It is known for half a century, but excavations are made only from 2008
The earliest sites were occupied during the second half of the V century BC, and later – in the III millennium BC., The first half of the II millennium and Late Antiquity – IV-VI century, when the most likely place is used as fortified observatory.
Exceptional archaeological interest and cause drilling Kladorub end where there was a large Roman fortress – a square with sides of 150 m oriented towards the world. In the four corners of the fortress, which was almost erased by vandals, looters, there were towers. Firmness was naturally protected from the beds of two rivers – Archar and Salashka – which merge at the end of the plateau on which construction. In the municipality Dimov hope that in time late Antiquity city Kombustika can become an attractive place for tourists.
cave Kozarnika

cave Kozarnika

“Kozarnika” is the name of the cave in the Balkan, Dimovo Municipality, Bulgaria. It is located between the town of Belogradchik and Oreshets. Its total length of 210 m. Since 1996 the cave archeological excavations organized by the Archaeological Institute of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences in Sofia and the Institute of Geology and Quaternary prehistory of Bordeaux and led by Nikolay Sirakov and Jean-Luc Guadelli. They reveal kasnopaleolitna culture 37-34 millennium BC. It is significantly different from its modern findings in the Dark Hole and Bacho Kiro, showing similarities to the cultures prevalent in Western Europe several millennia later.
The cave was inhabited during the middle Paleolithic, but the most important are the lower layers. They are dated from the age of 1.4 million years ago. They found a tooth of a representative of the genus Homo, may biHomo erectus. If the dating is correct, it would be the oldest record of human presence in Europe.
Strong arguments causes another trove of rannopaleolitnite layers in the cave Kozarnika. These are some bones dating back 1.2-1.4 million years ago, which has caused a series of cuts. Archaeologists conducting excavations, they are made deliberately and are not an automatic result of the processing of the meat of the animal. This hypothesis is controversial because, according to the prevailing view ability symbolic thinking emerges only in Homo sapiens 50,000 years ago.
In the late Pleistocene deposits (vyurm 80000-19000) from paleoornitologa Prof.Zlatozara fights bone remains were found 43 species of birds, one of which – prayarebitsata (Perdix paleoperdix) is a fossil, and four others are missing from modern bird country – grouse (Tetrao tetrix), snow grouse (Lagopus lagopus), snowy owl (Bubo scandiacus) and outlaw red-billed chough (Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax). Pleistocene birds from cave Goatherd provide excellent examples of so-called “mixed faunas” containing species that are anywhere in Europe and the world do not live together, for example. snvzhni owls and rock partridges, grouse and snow chervenokrasti swallows, black grouse and Cory haidouk crows, swallows rock and snow grouse and others. This composition demonstrates the existence of open grassy spaces combined with coniferous and deciduous forests, ie mosaic forest-steppe.